Australasian Multiple Sclerosis Network of Care Multiple Sclerosis Network of Care Australia

A Voice for People Affected by MS

  Multiple Sclerosis HoriZonsSCAN Road Map - It's  Your Choice

''E x p a n d i n g  A to Z  of  MS  Awareness  Horizons''

CCSVI Australia

TurnOnthe Tap

About the Network
Our Vision
Becoming Involved
A to Z Master Index
About HoriZonsSCAN
Ask HoriZonsSCAN 
Bookmarks - all
Popular Bookmarks
About MS
Autoimmune Disease
Blood Brain Barrier
Blood Flow Issues
Blood Tests & MS
Brain Microbleeds
Brain Plasticity
Brain's Vasculature
Cardiovascular Issues
Change Management
Chiropractic Issues
Chlamydophila pneumoniae (CPN)
Chronic Infections
Clinical Trials
Cognitive Issues
Endothelial Issues
Financial Planning 
Future Directions
Genetic Factors
Healthy Eating 
Healthy Living
Iron Involvement
Leadership - Australia
Leadership Benchmarks
Lesions - Pathology
Lifestyle Issues
Lympathetic System
Microbleeds - Brain
Myelin Repair
Needs and Issues
Neuronal Death
Neurovascular Issues
News Headlines
Oxygen Deprivation
Pain Management
Parliament's Role
Patient-Centred Care
Quality  of Life
Road Map
Satisfaction Levels
Shortfalls in Support
Sleep Importance
Social Media Impact
Stem Cells
Support Networks
Temperature Intolerance
Trials - clinical
Vascular Issues
Vitamin D


What is Multiple Sclerosis? News Headlines Major Topic Index Quick Reference Guide
Credibility, Coverage and Capability
Two of Australia's peak health advisory bodies, the National Health and Medical Research Council and HealthPACT have acknowledged the Road Map's importance as a source of information for individuals living with MS and their families. The respected International Society for Neurovascular Disease (ISNVD) identifies HoriZonsSCAN's research reporting capability as "amazing''.
Displaying and Prioritising Research Results
   At least once every 24 hours, several thousand global MS reference sites are screened to construct the HoriZonsSCAN database of more than 2,000 titles underpinning an estimated 20,000 MS qualitative and quantitative research abstracts.  HoriZonsSCAN prioritises research results as follows: 
 All References
Ranking The HoriZonsScan Evidence Base
Click on a category for details
1 Rights of those with Disabilities
2 Fact Sheets - Patient Needs, Issues and Expectations
3 Patient Centred Examples
4 Significant Evidenced Based Background Information
5 Pubmed Research Abstracts
Disclaimer Major Topic Index
Qualitative evidence may lack the scientific rigour of, for instance, randomised controlled trials, but there is growing acceptance that it brings a body of knowledge that not only complements these other forms of evidence, it enables a greater understanding of the decision-making processes involved in the provision of care by practitioners. service users and carers
Some Interesting  Video Snapshots
Stem Cell Research Vascular Research  
 New Horizons Sunshine Factor
Brain Plasticity  Chronic Pain
Understanding Vibration Therapy Chair Based Exercises
  Topic selection is entirely Your ChoiceSome further topic specific examples: 
Lifestyle Management Blood Flow Irregularities Hope - a Coping Resource  Fatigue Sleep Pain Management NDIS

Your Choice can include queries using Boolean Operators - this happens automatically when constructing queries using the recommended Advanced Research Option.
Boolean operators involves including the words AND, NOT or OR (all in caps) between your words. To set the order of searching parentheses are placed around the words to be sought, i.e (fatigue AND heat) OR temperature. To restrict queries to a specific year add (example) AND 2013. To locate references to a specific locality or person just enter the name, i.e Toowoomba or Zamboni - it's that easy
If HoriZonsScan does not respond as you feel it should try including a wildcard * with your query, i.e pneum* rather than, or in addition to, pneumoniae. Sometimes it may also help to check the bookmarks directory for “pre-packaged” frequent queries. To keep it simple, start with a single word, ie fatigue and modify as needed, ie fatigue AND heat NOT exercise
Not all topics are necessarily MS specific but most have relevance to approaches to enhancing Quality of Life perceptions when living with MS. In circumstances where services are not generally available, or fall below the expectations, it aims to provide an overview of what may be needed. Not all aspects apply universally as needs vary according to disability level and personal circumstances. While around 30% of current references relate to Australian experience they invariably typify issues of broad relevance.


A Process of Continual Improvement
A Voice for People Affected by MS
About Multiple Sclerosis
About this Road Map
Abnormal Sensory Symptoms

Absence of Australian Standards

Access Problems Accelerate Disability Progression
Access to Rehabilitation

Action Strategy CCSVI - Draft National Strategy - Australia

ACT Demographics & Support
Adapting to Change - CCSVI

Advanced Research Option
Advocacy Issues
Aerobic Exercise

Aged Care Support Packages - Australia

Agency Thinking  - Hope
Air Conditioning

Alemtuzumab (Lemtrada)

Alternate and Complementary Therapies
Alzheimer's - Blood flow associations

Ampyra Fampyra - Overview
Ampyra Fampyra - MS Drug Warning

An Age of Discovery
Angioplasty and CCSVI

Antibiotics - Minocycline

Antihistimine Clemastine fumarate (Tavist) Myelin Repair
Aquatic Exercise - Hydrotherapy
Arteries and Veins - impact of restricted blood flows

Ataxia and Tremor

Aubagio (teriflunomide)

Auditing MS Service Delivery

Australia's National Disability Strategy
Australian MS Societies 
Australian MS Longitudinal Study
Australian MS Support Environment

Autoimmune Disease
Autonomic Dysfunction
Autonomic Nervous System, MS and CCSVI
Auto-immune Diseases

Award Winners - MS Advocacy



Bacterial Associations with MS
Balance Problems
Benchmarks for MS research and support
Beta Interferon's

Beyond Clinical Trials
Bioten (Vitamin B7) Benefits

Bipartisan Approach

Blood-Brain barrier

Bladder Issues

Blood Brain Barrier - Neuroprotection - What is this?
Blood flow from the Brain (CCSVI)  - A cause of MS?
Blood Flow slower in pwMS

Bloodflow - Pulse Wave Irregularities

Blood Platelets - MS Connection

Blood Tests and MS

Bookmarks - Popular Queries

Botox and MS
Bowel Dysfunction
Bowen Therapy

Brain Associations - All references
Brain Gym
Brain Bank - MS Research

Brain Microbleeds

Brain Plasticity and MS
Brave Dreams Clinical Trial
Bridging Information Gaps



CAM Therapies

Cannabis and MS
Carelink Service
Carbon Dioxide impact
Cardiorespiratory Exercise

Cardiovascular Issues
Care Needs of people with MS
Care Plans prepared by GP's

Care Standards
Carer Allowances and related payments

Carer Assistance and Respite Support
Carer and Family Support - MS Australia
Carer Respite and Counselling Services
Carer FlexiRest 
Carer Support Groups
Carer Transport Concessions

Carers Stress buffering importance of Hope
Case Study - Patient Centred Care
Catheter Venography - What is it?I

CCSVI Draft National Strategy - Australia
CCSVI - Quick Reference Guide

CCSVI Reference Group - Vascular Issues
CCSVI Treatment Benefits
Centrelink Services
Cerebral endothelial cells
Cerebral Venous Return - Measuring
Change - adapting to - CCSVI
Charter of Individual Rights
Chegs - Exercise Groups

Chiropractic.& External Vein Compression

Chlamydia pneumoniaecm (CPN) and MS
Cholesterol and MS

Cholesterol (Crystals) a significant problem
Cladribine - an oral immunotherapy drug
Clemastine fumarate (Tavist) Myelin Repair 
Clinical Perspective to MS

Clinical Trials - overview

Clinical Trials - beyond such trials

Cochrane Cross References
Cognitive Changes

Cold Feet - Temperature Intolerance

Common Issues
Community Transport
Community Nurses
Companion Card for Carers
Complementary Therapies CAM
Complex Symptoms
Computers at reduced cost
Concentration Issues

Conflicts Between CCSVI Research Outcomes
Conflicts of Interest

Consensus Based common ground --- Vascular Issues

Consumer Directed Care  - CDC
Continence Issues

Continual Improvement in MS care
Coordination Issues
Counselling Support - Carers

Crystalline Cholesterol - a significant problem


Deep Vein Thrombosis/CCSVI association

Depression, Anxiety and Mood

Diabetes and MS

Diabetes and MS - Discussion Forum.

Diagnosis - Misdiagnosis Issues

Diagnosis - Newly Diagnosed
Dietary Factors

Diffusion of Innovation

DisabilityCare Australia - NDIS

Disability Insurance - NDIS National Scheme
Disability Progression - Accelerated by Access Problems

Disability Progression Trends
Disability Support Pension
Disablility Parking

Disability Rights

DNA and Genetic Factors

Dysautonomia, CCSVI and MS - Dr Michael Arata

Disease Modifying Therapies - Overview/Feedback
Discussion Forums
Dispelling the Myths about CCSVI

Doppler Ultrasound Ultrasound - CCSVI

Drug Therapies


Early Adopters - Role of
Economic Impact of MS
Education/Support for Service Providers

Emotional Issues
Employment Support

Empowerment via Stress-Buffering  - Hope
Enable NSW - Appliances for Disabled People
Enar/Scenar and Pain Management

Endothelial Cells - Role of
Energy/Electricity Rebates
Evaluating MS Service Delivery
Erik Erikson - Quality of Life

Epstein-Barr Virus
Establishing Evaluation Benchmarks
Exercise and Physical Therapies

Facial Reflexology

Falling Through the Cracks - Risks of
Family Support

Fampyra - Overview
Fampyra - MS Drug Warning

Fast Tracking Support - Examples
Feldenkrais and Body Movement
Fascial Kinetics - Bowen
Feedback - your ideas are important
Fibrinogen - Triggers Myelin breakdown & beyond
Financial Planning

Fingolimod (Gilenya )

First Do No Harm
FlexiRest Carer Support

Food and Nutrition

Funding Guidelines for MS Research
Future Directions



Genetic Factors

Geographic Isolation Factors
Gilenya (fingolimod)
Global Tuning Points - CCSVI

Glucose Deficiences and MS Progression
Gluten Sensitivy and Neurological Disorders

Glymphatic System

Goal Setting - Empowerment via Stress-Buffering
GP Care Plans

Gray and White Matter MS Lesions

Guidelines for Funding MS Research
Guidelines for Health Professionals

Gut Bacteria -  Microbes and MS -


Handy Bar transfer aid
Handy Hints - researching this Road Map

HDLS - A genetic brain disorder and MS

Headaches - Migraine

Healthy Eating
HealthPACT and CCSVI

Heart Disease and MS
Holistic Approach to Service Provision
Home Care Packages - Beyond NDIS
Home Care Support
Home Modifications

Hope - A Powerful Element in the MS Equation

Hopes and Satisfactions

HoriZonsSCAN Search Engine

Horizon Group - early days
Horse Riding

Human Rights and MS

Hyperbaric Therapy - HYBOT
Hypoperfusion of brain parenchyma
Hypoxia and Fatigue


Imaging Technologies

Immunotherapy Medications - Side Effects -

Immunotherapies - Overview
Impaired Thermoregulation
Income Support

Independent Living Centres

Inflammation and MS
Information and Video resources
Information needs of MS Communities
Innovation  & CCSVI

Insurance - NDIS National Disability Scheme

Interferon beta
Internet Access - concessional rates (TAD)

Interventions Empowerment via Stress-Buffering

Investment Planning
Iron Deposition and MS

Isolation Factors
Issues and Symptoms
IVUS - Locating Venous Obstructions


J - K
Jugular Dysautonomia


Latitude and MS Prevalence

Leadership Australia

Leadership Benchmarks

Lemtrada (Alemtuzumab)

Lesions - Pathology of MS Lesions
Life Quality & CCSVI
Lifetime Continuous Care
Lifestyle Issues
Lipoic Acid Benefits
Living with your Emotions
Living with MS
Longitudinal Study - AMSLS Australia
Lyme Disease and MS

Lymphatic System Revisited



Maintenance of the Road Map
Marijuana and MS
Massage Therapy


Medications Side Effects - Immunotherapy
Medications and Quality of Life - Questionable Associations

Medications Neuroprotection - What is this?

Medicare Local  - role of

Medicines Australia - regulatory role

Meditation and MS
Meetings - Regional

MEM-net CCSVI Diagnostic & Research Database
Memory Management

Meta-Analyses - Role of

Microbes and MS - Gut Bacteria

Microbleeds in brain

Migraine Headaches
Minocycline - an Antibiotic

Misdiagnosis Issues

Mobility allowance
Mobility Aids/Scooters/Wheelchairs
Modifications at Home
Modifications at Work
Modified Passenger Vehicles
Mood changes
Motor Vehicles -  Wheelchair access
MRI past, present and future
Multi Disciplinary Service Delivery

Multiplier Effect on Isolation Factors
Multiple Sclerosis Society of NSW

MS Advisory Council

Multiple Sclerosis Limited  - MS Ltd
MS Australia - State Organisations
MS Australia - Support Services
MS Overview
MS Research Australia

MS Research Funding Guidelines

Muscle Stiffness
Myelin Damage - causes and consequences



Natalizumab Tysabri
National Disability Insurance - NDIS
National Public Toilet Map

Needs, Issues and Expectations
Network of Care

Networking Opportunities

Neurplasticity and MS

Neuroprotection - What is this?

New Zealand Support Networks


Neurovascular links with MS
Newly Diagnosed - Some handy references
News Headlines

NDIS and Senior Australians - Home Care Packages

NDIS National Disability Insurance Scheme
NHMRC Guidelines - Care of pwMS

Nitric Oxide and Blood Flow
Northern Rivers MS Support Group

Northern Territory Demographics & Support

NSW Demographics & Support

Nursing Standards for MS Care




Ocrelizumab (Ocrevus) 

Open Letter
Outreach Workers - MS Australia
Oxygen Deprivation impact

Oxygen Therapy HYBOT


PADP - Appliances for Disabled People (Enable)
Pain Management
Parking - Disabled

Parliamentary Perspectives

Partnering in MS care
Parkinsons Disease - CCSVI Association

Pathways Thinking  - Hope
Pathways Project

Patient-Centred Care - Overview

Patient Centred Care - Case Study
Patients Perspective - CCSVI
Peak Body Perspective
Peer Support Program
Percutaneous Venoplasty (PTA)
Perfusion - Bloodflow
Petition - Add your Support

Physical Activity and Exercise
Pins and needles

Plasticity and MS
Platelets and MS
PML Risks

Political Perspective to MS and CCSVI

Popular Topics  - Bookmarks

Population movements - MS Prevalence

Pregnancy and MS
Prevalence of MS
Prevalence of CCSVI conditions
Progression of MS over time

Productivity Commission Report - 2011

Productivity Commission -  Disability Strategy

Protecting the Vulnerable

Psychological Factors
PTA - Angioplasty and CCSVI

Pulse Wave Bloodflow Irregularities


QI Gong and healing
Quality of Life - the Erikson Model
Quality of Life - Living with MS
Quality of Life - Measuring QoL Perceptions

Quality of Life and Medications - Questionable Associations

Queensland Demographics & Support


Red Tickets - Transport Subsidy

Reference Group - Vascular Issues
Referral Pathways

Regional MS Clinics - need for

Regional MS Prevalence and Disability levels

Regional/Rural Isolation Factors

Regional Solutions to Regional Issues
Regional Support

Registering with the MS Network of Care

Rehabilitation Expectations and Issues

Research Funding Guidelines

Residential Care Financial Issues
Respite Care

Retirement Planning
Richmond Community Options

Right to be Tested - CCSVI
Rights of those with Disabilities
Risks Placebos and Mythbusting

Road Testing MS Referral Pathways

Saffin, Janelle, MP (advocacy)

Salt - Excessive Dietary Salt is a Problem

Satisfaction Levels - Access to Services
Scenar and Pain Management
Screening for vein irregularities

Senior Australians Support Packages
Service Provision Guidelines

Service Provision Satisfaction Levels
Sexual Dysfunction

Side Effects - Immunotherapy Medications
Site Map
Sleep Dysfunction

Sleep - Inclined Bed Therapy
Social Media - impact of
Social Networking

South Australian Demographics & Support
Speech Problems
Sport, Exercise and Physical Activity
Standards of Care
Standards Provide Certainty about MS Care

Statins and MS
Stem Cell Research
Stents and related devices
Strategic Direction
    CCSVI HealthPACT Review - Nov 2011
    CCSVI -
A Political Perspective - 2011

    Consumer Directed Care
    Economic Impact of MS - 2010 study

    NHMRC Guidelines -  Care of pwMS
    National Disability Insurance Scheme - NDIS
    Pathways Project - a Regional Perspective
Strength and Cardiorespiratory Exercise

Stress-Buffering  - Hope
St Vincent's Hospital - Lismore, early days
Sunshine and MS - including Vitamin D

Superannuation/Investment Planning

Support for Activities of Daily Living
Support Groups

Swank Low Fat Diet
Symptoms and Issues
Symptom Management - video link



Tai Chi and MS
Talking Points

Tasmanian Demographics & Support

Tavist Clemastine fumarate Myelin Repair
Taxi - Concessions
Technical Aids for the Disabled (TAD)



Telecommunications - concessional rates

Telemedicine and MS
Temperature Intolerance

Teriflunomide (Aubagio)

Thrombin - role in MS progression

Training Resources for MS Education
Transport and Mobility
Transport Needs of MS communities
Transport Subsidy - Red Tickets
Transport Survey 2009

Treatment Benefits - CCSVI
Treatment Delayed is Treatment Lost - CCSVI
Treatment & Contacts - CCSVI

Trends in Disability Progression
Trials - Clinical
Tysabri natalizumab



United Nations Conventions and MS
Ultrasound - Doppler

Ultra-violet (UV) MS Associations

United Statement - CCSVI & MS Australia


Vascular Irregularities and MS

Vascular Drainage - Inclined Bed Therapy
Veins and Arteries - impact of restricted blood flows
Venograms - CCSVI
Venoplasty and CCSVI
Venous Obstructions - IVUS
Vibration Therapy/Exercise

Victorian Demographics & Support
Video and Information Resources
Visual Problems
Vitamin D Links to MS

Vulnerable People - Protection of


Weak Legs
Western Australia Demographics & Support
What is MS
What's happening to me? - invisible MS
Wheel Chair accessible vehicles - including hiring

White and Gray Matter MS Lesions
World Health Organisation - WHOQOL-100


X, Y, Z

Young People in Nursing Homes
Young People - supported living

Maintenance of this Road Map and Disclaimers

The HoriZonsSCAN Multiple Sclerosis Road Map to is provided on an entirely voluntary basis by the Multiple Sclerosis Network of Care Australia (the Network)  for the benefit of MS Communities as a decision support aid. The vast majority of topics and associated reference points have been highlighted by the MS community and/or Peak Agencies since 2003.

Not all topics are necessarily MS specific but most have relevance to approaches to enhancing Quality of Life perceptions when living with MS. In circumstances where services may not be readily available, or fall below expectations, it may provide a suggested overview of what may be needed. Not all information is universally applicable as needs vary according to disability level and personal circumstances. While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and validity of all information, you should always consult your doctor or other health care professional involved in your ongoing health care needs.

he site references extensive third party expectations, experiences and other high quality research which is neither endorsed nor supported by the Network and does not necessarily reflect any of the Network's aims and objectives. Neither the Network nor its many volunteers take responsibility for the accuracy, currency, reliability and correctness of any such third party information nor for the accuracy, currency, reliability and correctness of links or references to external information sources.

Links to other sites and information sources are provided for information only. Care has been taken in providing these links as suitable reference resources. However, due to the changing nature of such sites and sources, it is the responsibility of the users to make their own investigations, decisions, enquiries about the information retrieved from such sites and sources. Providing these links does not imply any endorsement, non-endorsement, support or commercial gain.

To the extent that, for more than a decade, the Road Map was hosted on the web site of NSW Health see also the
Terms and Conditions (
disclaimer) relating to this site.



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Road Map Reference


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